Andrée, Elfrida - Musik i Domkrykan - Blandade artister

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Gustavi and Cathedral Choirs
Memebers of the Gothenburg Symphony
Ann-Marie Rydberg, conductor
Bengt Nilsson & Rose-Marie Svensson, organ

This album contains a collection of music ranging from the last turn of the century till today that has been performed at the Gustavi C This album contains a collection of music ranging from the last turn of the century till today that has been performed at the Gustavi Cathedral in Gothenburg, Sweden. The ambition behind this album has been to give a sample of some of the compositions that have been written for the instruments and choirs of this Cathedral by composers who themselves have been active within its walls. The following presentation follows the order in which the composers are introduced on the CD.

Herman Asplöf (1881 - 1959) succeeded Elfrida Andrée (whose Swedish Mass No 1 ends this CD) as the Cathedral organist when she passed away in 1929. Mr Asplöf got his higher musical education at the Conservatory in Stockholm, passed his exams in organ playing in 1901 and in the following two years in liturgical song and in music teaching, all three exams with the highest marks. Asplöf also took extra curricular classes in composition at the conservatory. As his income as an organist was meagre he had to teach music at one of the local senior high schools. As a composer Herman Asplöf only left a handful of compositions. On this CD we feature two of them, the Toccata for organ played by the current Cathedral organist Bengt Nilsson and the hymn I raise my eyes to the mountains for organ and SATB choir. Of Asplöf's other remaining works there is a Piano Concerto (1926) and two works for organ and orchestra, the short titled "Concert piece" and a longer one titled "Dialog"

Maria Löfberg (b. 1968) belongs to the current generation of liturgical composers. Ms Löfberg was born and raised in Stenungsund, a small town in Western Sweden. She trained to become a cantor at Geijerskolan in Ransäter and later at the College of Music in Gothenburg, were she took classes in both liturgical music and performance practice. Ms Löfberg has been composing since her teens but made her name as a composer after a scholarship from The friends of Church Music in 1999 which made it possible for her to compose her Christmas oratorio Nativitas. Now she has composed more than 50 works, liturgical and vocal works (solo and choir), but also several chamber works and a concerto for piano and chamber orchestra. We feature two of her vocal works here, originally songs for solo voice and organ. We hear them arranged for a choir of sopranos and altos. The first one, Hallelujah, sing the praise of the lord (Ps 149) is an exuberant dancing song of praise. The second song, "Lovely is thy dwelling" (Ps 84) is written like a da capo aria, where the tranquil parts surround a peak where the sopranos rejoice by hitting the high C.

Gösta Lundborg (1903 - 1966) succeeded in 1955 Herman Asplöf as the Cathedral organist. Lundborg had this post until his death in 1966. He was educated at the conservatory in Stockholm, passed his exams in organ playing (1921) and liturgical song and music teaching (1922). Lundborg also studied organ playing for the noted German organist Alfred Sittard in Hamburg. As a composer Mr Lundborg mainly wrote for organ and voice (solo and choir). His most memorable works bear a strong influence from the traditional Dalecarlian folk music and church music. On this CD we feature two of Lundborgs most beloved songs for SATB Choir, The Loveliest a setting of a poem by Arne Hirdman and The Virgin Mary went to Bethlehem, a traditional text from the province of Västmanland, Sweden.

Bengt Nilsson (b. 1948) is the present Cathedral organist in Gothenburg. He took up this post in august 2000 after having served as an organist in the Western Swedish towns Strömstad and Falkenberg. Mr Nilsson trained to be organist at the Sköndalsinstitute and at the Royal College of Music in Stockholm. He took private lessons for the French organist Marie-Clare Alain in Paris. Bengt Nilsson has been featured as an organ soloist in all the Nordic countries and has given organ recitals in several European countries. An album of his music called "God so loved the world" was released in 1997. On this album Bengt Nilsson plays two of his own organ works; The third and final movement (The Holy Spirit) from Credo, music that wants to convey the power and vivacity of the Holy Spirit and a three part Organ Chorale that takes its starting point in three hymns- Ostinato (Ps 13), Scherzo (Ps 537) and Fantasi (Ps 18). These works where originally written for organ and liturgical dance.

© Peter Lundin, Oktober 2005

Elfrida Andrée (1841-1929) was born at Visby, on the island of Gotland, Sweden, on 19 February 1841. She died in Göteborg on 11 January 1929. She was a cathedral organist (the first woman in the world), and a composer, conductor, concert organizer, teacher and women's rights pioneer.

A privileged child, she received the advanced musical education her precocious talent demanded. At sixteen she graduated from the Conservatory in Stockholm with an organist diploma and brilliant grades.

Andrée held posts as organist at two churches in Stockholm, after lobbying parliament with her father to change current gender-discriminatory laws. In 1867 she was unanimously appointed cathedral organist in Göteborg, in competitition with seven men. She was only twenty-six. She retained this post until her death.

Her musical activities in Göteborg were wide-ranging, including organizing hundreds of concerts for the economically disadvantaged. These concerts drew capacity audiences. Contemporary Scandinavian music and music by women composers were two interesting programme features, since they were ones that were marginalized in a European perspective. The liberal atmosphere in Göteborg was a positive force.

Andrée's musical activities at home and abroad were indisputably affected by her vulnerable position as a pioneer woman. However, in 1882, her organ recitals in London led to her being recognized as an excellent, innovative organist and a fine improviser. As a teacher her success was assured. By 1891 all but two of the organist posts in Göteborg were held by her former women students.

Works by Widor, Guilmant, Saint-Saëns, Reger, Wagner, Mendelssohn, Bach, Händel, Beethoven and assorted Scandinavian contemporary composers were part of Andrée's repertoire. Her compositional style was however all her own: a personal and original synthesis of German and French romantic elements, with a characteristic melodic sense and a classical feeling for form. She produced over a hundred works, many in larger forms. Her first major published work was the piano quintet (1865).

Elfrida Andrée had an extensive network of contacts with eminent men and women in the arts. Amongst these was the first woman Nobel prize-winner, Selma Lagerlöf (1858-1940), who wrote the libretto for Andrée's only opera, Fritiofs Saga. The complete opera has never been performed. The Prelude from a Fritiof suite and the Second Symphony were however performed, in Dresden and Leipzig (1904 and 1905) with Andrée conducting. She and her music were enthusiastically received.

Performances of her two Swedish Masses (1902 and 1903) were very well received in Sweden. These are a few of the works that place her amongst the foremost Scandinavian composers of the era.

The First Swedish Mass consists of thirteen short movements and was scored for soloists (SATB), children's choir, mixed chorus, strings, harp and organ. The movements are concise in form and emotional in tone, closely following the intonation and rhythms of the Swedish language and also of Swedish folk music (e.g. II: Old Psalm Tune from Mora). A balanced sequence of choruses, instrumental sections and solos creates variety.
Artikelnummer IMCD098
Streckkod 7393892000986
Utgivningsdatum 2005-12-05
Kategori Klassiskt
Skivbolag Intim Musik
Enhet CD
Antal enheter 1
Artister Blandade artister
Kompositörer Andrée, Elfrida
Disk: 1
1 Toccata 04:55
2 Halleluja, Sjung till Herrens ära 03:53
3 Ljuvlig är din boning 04:43
4 Det vackraste 01:30
5 Jungfru Maria till Betlehem gick 01:38
6 Jag lyfter mina ögon upp till bergen 01:38
7 ur Credo, sats 3 08:19
8 Ostinato 02:03
9 Scherzo 04:41
10 Fantasi 01:29
11 Hymn 01:34
12 Gammal psalmmelodi 01:02
13 Herre förbarma dig 03:25
14 Orgelsolo 01:26
15 Ära vare Gud! 02:13
16 Orgelsolo 01:16
17 Vi prisa Dig 02:03
18 Bön ~ Herren vare med Eder 02:08
19 Rytmisk koral 02:26
20 Psalm ~ Ho är den, som trött af striden.. 06:07
21 Helig 02:49
22 O Guds Lamm 02:16
23 Tackom och lofvom 00:40
24 Slutkör, Mitt fasta hopp till Herran står 03:23
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